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Ayurveda History

Ayurveda is an ancient life science, which originated in India and is practiced to attain complete health in the four pursuits of human life (Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha). Moksha (salvation) is considered to be the ultimate goal of a man.

The word 'Ayurveda' is composed of the words 'Ayu' and 'Veda'. Veda means authentic knowledge and Ayu means life which is formed of Shareera (Body), Indria (Sensory organs), Satwa (Manas) and Atma (Soul), synonymous with Dhaari – Jeevitham – Nityaga and Anubandha.

Ayurveda is known as Upaveda in the Atharvaveda. For the welfare of humans, Brahma, the Creator, memorized the science of Ayurveda and taught it to Daksha Prajapathi, Ashwini Kumar and Indra. Then it was taught to the eminent sages, Bharadwaja, Dhanwanthari, Kashyapa, Nimi and a few others. And in this way the life science descended to Earth, was refined and established as Ashtangaayurveda.

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The eight branches of Ayurveda are as follows:

  1. Kaya Chikitsa – General Medicine.

  2. Bala Roga Chikitsa – Pediatrics.

  3. Graha Chikitsa – Treatment for evil spirits.

  4. Urdwanga tantra – E.N.T & Ophthalmology.

  5. Shalya Chikitsa – Surgery.

  6. Visha Chikitsa – Toxicology.

  7. Rasayana Chikitsa – Rejuvenation Therapy.

  8. Vajeekarana Chikitsa – Aphrodisiacs.

Ayurveda is not only a curative therapy but also a preventive one. It is designed to prevent and protect against diseases. "Swastasya Swastya rakshana Aturasya Vikara Prashamana".

The Prakruti and Purusha are both similar to the living body "Shatdhatwatmaka purusha" (Panchamaha Bhootha and Aatma).

The quantitative, qualitative and functional equilibrium of dosha(Tridoshas), dhatu(Sapta dhatu), mala(Tri mala), Agni (Trayodashaagni) and pleasantness of Aatma manaha and indriya is known as 'Swasthya' (physical and mental wellbeing or health).

The knowledge of the structural and functional units of the body, its basic components, its ratios, its evolutionary processes, its relation to nature and the principles that affect the health, are understood with the knowledge of Padartha Vignyan.

All the Vedas are considered to be eternal. Ayurveda is a complete or holistic system that integrates the mind, body and spirit. For a few centuries, the tradition of Ayurveda had dimmed due to natural and human calamities and also the invasion of foreign cultures into India. However, a few 'Vaidyans and Vaidya families' in India managed to preserve the Ayurvedic system of treatments. Medicinal herbs and plants that sustain long life and good health are now being rediscovered. Many renowned families of Vaidyas, who are specialised in certain branches of Ayurveda, have started functioning again in India. Poomully Mana is one amongst those ancient families who have even managed to preserve the sacred ayurvedic texts and maintain the ancient culture and traditions inherent to Ayurveda, which is a true gift of the ancient civilisation to the modern world.